Black fungus is also known as Mucormycosis. Black fungus infection is extremely rare but sometimes dangerous. It’s caused by getting into contact with fungus spores outside. It can also result from the fungus entering the body through a cut, scrape, burn, or other skin trauma.
Black fungus infection is caused by a type of mold called ‘micromycetes’ which live in soil, compost piles, decaying wood, and so forth. Mold is found in a wide range of conditions, particularly in soil, compost piles, and decaying organic matter.
The presence of this fungal infection is usually related to health conditions or to using drugs that reduce the body’s ability to resist infections. Mucormycosis is usually rare in San Francisco, affecting fewer than two people per million people annually, but it is 80 times more common in India.
People of any age can develop this disease, including premature infants. A human being can contract mucormycosis via steroids. These drugs are used to treat COVID cases of moderate-to-severe severity. There has been a surge in cases of Mucormycosis during this COVID pandemic.
Both diabetics and non-diabetic Covid-19 patients can benefit from steroids by reducing lung inflammation, but steroids also reduce the overall immune response and increase sugar levels.
People suffering from hyperglycemia who are unable to regulate their sugar levels during covid have even greater difficulty.
The various key points about black fungus are as follows:
There is an increased risk of developing black fungus disease for people with certain conditions/procedures
Several types of mold cause fungal infections in humans. Mucormycetes are molds that live in soil, air, and food. If not treated promptly, they can enter the bloodstream and damage the brain.
According to health experts, ‘misuse of steroids‘ or consumption of steroids during cancer treatment is the primary cause of black fungus or mucormycosis.
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As a result of covid treatment, the immunity of the patient is low, so they are prone to black fungus infection. Mostly, mucormycosis affects people suffering from health conditions or taking medicines that reduce immunity. Diabetic patients or those having covid suffer from a high risk of infection.
The fungus causing mucormycosis is not contagious, and it cannot spread from person to person or from animal to animal. However, it is possible to contract it through breathing in, inoculating, or consuming the fungal spores.
Bandages, linens, unsterilized water, poor air filtration, non-sterile instruments, and wounds can also be a source of transmission of this disease.
As long as a person is in good health, the black fungus can spread through the air without causing any problems. Mucormycosis may enter a person’s lungs, but the chances are low.
It spreads to the skin if it is inhaled or if it enters through a cut or any other open wound. The infection flows into the bloodstream and enters the brain, heart, and spleen, and causes organ damage.
There are a variety of symptoms that can occur depending on where you have mucormycosis. The symptoms of Black fungus are:
There is no particular test that can confirm black fungus, but some tests have been used to diagnose it. The diagnosis of black fungus are:
Treatment of black fungus involves various methods that include:
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All of us know that Mucormycosis or black fungus is quite a dangerous disease, so prevention is most important whether it is mucormycosis or any disease, because prevention is better than cure. Here are some prevention tips for mucormycosis infection.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Q. What is the black fungus disease?
Ans. The fungus responsible for the disease, mucormycosis, infects the body through spores, these spores are naturally present in the air, and the disease does not normally prove fatal unless the immunity system of the body is weak.
Q. Can black fungus spread?
Ans. Black fungus is not contagious and can not spread from one person to another. It can, however, be contracted through inhaling, consuming, or even inoculating fungicidal spores.
Q. What are the symptoms of mucormycosis?
Ans. The symptoms of mucormycosis or black fungus include:
Q. Where is mucormycosis found?
Ans. It occurs when certain molds—mucormycetes—deliver the illness. These molds can be found in nature (ubiquitous). They are found in the soil and decaying organic matter, like decaying vegetation. Mostly, mucormycosis affects people with health problems or who take medications that can weaken the immune system.
Q. What does mucormycosis look like?
Ans. Mucormycosis can look like blisters or ulcers on the skin, and the infected area may turn black.
Q. Is there any treatment for black fungus?
Ans. Well! There is no such treatment and cure for black fungus but some of the treatments can stop the cause of black fungus like Antifungal Amphotericin B medications are used to treat serious infections caused by fungi, surgery can be done if the medications don’t work. These treatments work but a person can wait for a long term to see the differences and changes in their body because the treatment of black fungus takes time to recover.
Q. How does black fungus start?
Ans. Mucormycosis infections are caused by fungal spores in the environment, but it is also possible to catch them when the fungus enters the skin through a cut, burn, or other type of trauma. Fungi can attach to human skin and spread through the nose, sinuses, and lungs after coming into contact with the oily surface.
Q. Why Covid patients are getting black fungus?
Ans. There are no such statements that prove why covid patients are getting black fungus. But several factors could be involved in the cause, including contaminated oxygen equipment and steroid drugs used to treat COVID-19 patients.